Ecosystem profile & Forest Types

The forest vegetation in Tamil Nadu is largely classified into 3 major groups based on temperature zones as;

  • Tropical Forests
  • Montane Subtropical Forests
  • Montane Temperate Forests

These zones are further classified in to 9 sub zones based on moisture & physiognomic variations;

Sl.No Forest Type
1 Tropical wet evergreen
2 Tropical semi evergreen
3 Tropical moist deciduous
4 Littoral & swamp
5 Tropical dry deciduous
6 Tropical thorn
7 Tropical dry evergreen
8 Sub – Tropical broad leaved hill
9 Montane wet temperate