International Laws

Convention on Biological Diversity

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) emerged as a result of agreements by world leaders in Rio de Janerio at the Earth Summit in 1992. The focus was on building a comprehensive strategy for “sustainable development”.

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) entered into force on 29 December 1993.

It has 3 main objectives: 

The conservation of biological diversity

1. The sustainable use of the components of biological diversity

2. The fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources

3. The fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources

Detailed information can be accessed on: www.cbd.int

Nagoya Protocol

Nagoya Protocol is a supplementary agreement to the Convention on Biological Diversity. It is a specific instrument that provides legal framework on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization.

Detailed information can be accessed on:Link